What Are Fire Doors?
The term ‘fire doors’ is used to identify:
- Fire Resisting Doors
- Emergency escape doors that are also fire resisting.
Note: Emergency escape doors which do not have fire resisting properties, also known as fire escape doors are often incorrectly referred to as fire doors.
Fire resisting doors can be:
- Hinged or sliding
- Made from timber, metal, or other composite material
- Be part of a glazed fire screen
- Steel roller shutters
The Importance of Fire Doors within a Building
Fire Doors are a critical passive safety feature of any building in which people work or visit. Their primary function within a building is to maintain the fire separation of compartment walls, limiting the spread of flame and smoke, therefore protecting exit routes and allowing enough time for occupants to evacuate to a place of safety.
Fire doors are often the weakest link in the passive fire protection strategy. If a fire door cannot fully close to retain the integrity of a fire compartment or is damaged, the adjacent fire compartment may become breached during a fire earlier than design intent. It is critical that all fire doors are installed correctly and that regular checks are made within a suitable maintenance regime.
Fire doors protect lives and protect the remainder of the building or other buildings in the event of a fire.
Fire Safety Duties of Owners and occupiers of Non-Domestic Properties
Under current legislation that came into force in 2005 – Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (RRFSO), fire safety of premises is now the responsibility of the person with principal responsibility. In England and Wales, the person with principle responsibility is defined as the ‘Responsible Person’.
Types of Non-Domestic Premises covered:
- Offices and Shops
- Premises providing sleeping accommodation
- Residential care premises
- Small, Medium, and Large places of assembly
- Factories and Warehouses
- Theatres and Cinemas
- Educational Premises
- Healthcare Premises
- Transport Interchanges
- Open Air Events
- Animal Premises and Stables
Within RRFSO 2005, the Responsible Person of a Non-Domestic Premise now has a duty to carry out fire risk assessments and implementing a suitable system of maintenance of a building, thus reducing and or removing risk.
Article 17 RRFSO 2005 states – “Where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of relevant persons the responsible person must ensure that the premises and any facilities, equipment and devices provided in respect of the premises under this Order…. are subject to a suitable system of maintenance and are maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair”.
Within a fire risk assessment an efficient and effective recording and maintenance system should be in place for fire prevention assets such as fire alarms and fire resisting doors.
The authorities have the power to enforce the RRFSO and do prosecute or even close buildings down where breaches are discovered.
Fire doors are tested and evaluated for fire resistance pass/failure criteria under the same stringent processes as applied to other building elements such as wall, floors and partitions.
However, the condition of doors within a building do deteriorate during the occupation of a building, since they are used on pedestrian routes where they can be subject to abuse, damage and general wear and tear.
It is therefore important to inspect, maintain, and repair any damage on a regular basis if the required fire resistance is to be maintained in accordance with:
Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Legislation (RRFSO) – Regular recorded inspection and maintenance of Fire Doors is essential to comply with and maintain a safe environment for all building occupants.
BS 8214: 2016. Timber-Based Fire Door Assemblies. Code of Practice – Here, the guidance for maintenance of fire door assemblies is set out within.
BS 9999: 2017. Fire safety in the design, management and use of buildings. Code of practice – Here, the recommended timescale for inspections is set out within.
The Responsible Person cannot delegate responsibility, but can nominate Competent Persons – BH Doors & Engineering Ltd.
Do You Require A Fire Door Inspection?
- 6 Monthly Servicing
- All Labour Included
- Fixed Cost Contract
- Fully Guaranteed
- Detailed Schedule Of Work
- Certified Trained Engineers
- Building Regulations Compliant
- Certificate Of Inspection